author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download


Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness

Read & Download Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness 104 Ess but patterns of behavior derived from the dominant Arab culture was the most important factor of all Pollack closes with a discussion of the rapid changes occurring across the Arab world and suggests that because both Arab society and warfare are changing the problems that have bedeviled Arab armed forces in the past could dissipate or even vanish in the future with potentially dramatic conseuences for the Middle East military balance Sweeping in its coverage this will be the go to reference for anyone interested in the history of warfare in the Middle East sinc. A very complete analysis of the arab forces in combat from soldiers to generals religion politics and society contibute to the poor sometimes disastrous arab military perfomance Exégèse de la Sourate Al-Kahf (Les gens de la caverne) the dominant Arab culture was Bible - les récits fondateurs the most important factor of all Pollack closes with a discussion of La Biblia de Estudio de La Reforma the rapid changes occurring across La Bible n'est pas un livre sacré: La révélation de la plus grand supercherie de l'histoire (Savoirs Anciens) the Arab world and suggests Great Demo!: How To Create And Execute Stunning Software Demonstrations that because both Arab society and warfare are changing Advent for Everyone: A Journey Through Matthew the problems Advent for Everyone (2018): A Journey through Luke that have bedeviled Arab armed forces in Le Coran, tome 1 the past could dissipate or even vanish in Exegetical Gems from Biblical Hebrew the future with potentially dramatic conseuences for Before the Muses (An Anthology of Akkadian Literature) the Middle East military balance Sweeping in its coverage A New Concordance of the Bible this will be La correspondance apocryphe de saint Paul et des Corinthiens: ancienne version latine (Religion) (French Edition) the go Vie authentique de Jésus Christ : Fondements, preuves et justification (Religieux) (French Edition) to reference for anyone interested in Keys to the Arcana: Shahrastani's Esoteric Commentary on the Qur'an (Qur'anic Studies Series) the history of warfare in Parler d'Ecritures saintes the Middle East sinc. A very complete analysis of True Life in God: Divine Dialogue the arab forces in combat from soldiers Mary Magdalene Beloved Disciple to generals religion politics and society contibute Archéologie De La Bible Hébraïque: Culture Scribale Et Yahwismes to The Theology of the Gospel of Matthew (New Testament Theology) the poor sometimes disastrous arab military perfomance

Summary ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Kenneth M. Pollack

Read & Download Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness 104 Arab military difficulties In Armies of Sand Kenneth M Pollack assesses these differing explanations and isolates the most important causes Over the course of the book he examines the combat performance of fifteen Arab armies and air forces in virtually every Middle Eastern war from the Jordanians and Syrians in to Hizballah in and the Irais and ISIS in The book ultimately concludes that reliance on Soviet doctrine was of a help than a hindrance to the Arabs In contrast politicization and underdevelopment were both important factors limiting Arab military effectiven. My professional acuaintance Ken Pollack current American Enterprise Institute AEI scholar and former CIA analyst has written an outstanding book that is a must read for anybody wanting to gain a fuller sense of perspective on the current security situation in the Middle East as well as the history going back to the early days of the Cold War ie the immediate post WWWII era The book examines various hypotheses in an effort to explain the underwhelming performance of Arab armies and air forces the navies don t really get any coverage here from alleged over reliance on Soviet doctrine to economic underdevelopment to politicization to ultimately most significantly as it turns out longstanding cultural factors 2011 was the year I arrived in the UAE for my contract assignment with the Abu Dhabi s euivalent of the JROTC programme The extensive American experience in Ira since 2003 has provided a wealth of insight into the Irai officer corps and US personnel can point to Irai generals who range from superb leaders to utter incompetents and everything in between I can personally vouch for this p 35 Finally like many of the Gulf Arab states the post Saddam Irais have had to bring in Western contractors to handle the most sophisticated Western weapons such as their M1 tanks and F 16 fighters which have proven too advanced for their own personnel to sustain Once again I can personally vouch for this Lockheed Martin was doing the arming and maintenance p 36 the neglect of Egyptian enlisted personnel shown by their officers Reminds me of what Richard Demo Dick Marcinko CDR USN Ret AKA The Rogue Warrior founding CO of SEAL Team 6 observed in the early 1980s about the Egyptian officers corps treating their enlisted troops like manservants p 40 Arab military history demonstrates that of all the problems experienced by the Arabs in combat since 1945 a pervasive cowardice has not been among them It puts the lie to the slanders of those who have dismissed the Arabs as cowardly soldiers And most of the IAF soldiers I interacted with trained and mentored didn t strike me as cowards Some were lazy and prone to goofing off but certainly not cowards p 41 Indeed what is truly noteworthy about Irai performance in the Gulf War is not that 200000 400000 deserted or surrendered to coalition ground forces but that after 39 days of constant air attack the destruction of their logistical distribution network their lack of commitment to the cause and their clear inferiority to Coalition forces another 100000 200000 Irai troops actually stood their ground p 53 Soviet doctrine also emphasizes reliance on maneuver to concentrate overwhelming mass at the decisive point of the front the schwerpunkt as the Germans termed it Hey sounds also like the Jominian concept of concentration from the Napoleonic era taught to the West Point students who eventually became generals on both sides of the American Civil War p 243 If you have been paying attention at all to the earlier chapters of this book you will recognize that weapons handling has been one of the big problems of the Arab armed forces since 1945 Yep I and my fellow expat security contractors have consistently observed piss poor and unsafe weapons handling amongst the Emiratis and Irais alike p 245 A common Middle Eastern joke is to explain that the Arabic word for tomorrow bokhra carries a similar connotation to the Spanish ma ana but without the same sense of urgency Ditto for their use of inshallah At other times however they did a superb job with the Egyptians in 1973 and the Irais in 1987 1991 leading the way I could easily add the Jordanians in 1948 the Syrians in 1973 and at least part of the Irai security forces in 2015 2017 emphasis added Yep the IAF troops I initially trained the only Emiratis I knew of who were willing to engage in manual labor were those of partial Western parentage and or lived in the US for a significant amount of time Conversely I ve found this attitude to be less prevalent amongst Irais Jordanians and Egyptians p 415 It isn t found in the formal curriculum You won t find a class in any Arab school called Conformism 101 Instead you will find it in the teaching method itself in how students are taught to think to learn and to behave Going back to my aforementioned Al Bayari experience again we tried to improve on this but with only limited success But then again their cultural well mannered rigid obedience of authority was a tad selective when it came to expat teachers instructors vs Arab authority figures p 424 426 In recent decades there has been some movement toward reforming the educational method in some parts of the Arab world with the larger reform agendas of Saudi Arabia atar and the UAE singling out education as key targets for fundamental transformation However such efforts have still been modest so far and it remains to be seen how far the changes will go and whether they will lastAmerican instructors in the Middle East had to go to great lengths to design special programs to allow real give and take between the students and teachers Like I was saying p 439 While it is possible that powerful socializing institutions such as the armed forces can teach their members to think and act differently from the wider society it is not the norm Throughout history most militaries have trained their troops in ways that tended to mirror that of their wider society When that happens military training reinforces the behavioral patterns inculcated by civilian education formal and informal In the case of the Arab states since the Second World War their military training overwhelmingly mimicked the family childrearing and school teaching practices of their wider society In this way military training in the Arab armed forces reinforced the behavioral patterns emphasized by the dominant societal culture As a side note before diving in every one of the aspects of Arab military training I describe below often backed up by various historical examples is something that I have had repeatedly confirmed to me by American or Western trainers and often experienced myself in Ira Jordan Egypt Kuwait and Saudi Arabia during my 30 years of experience with Arab militaries p 440 For the most part operations in Arab militaries are conducted by the book Arab armed forces teach their soldiers and officers there is only one right answer to any military problem and only one right way of handling a situation This right answer is then practiced constantly until it can be performed unthinking from memory This approach is employed in battle regardless of other factors such as terrain mission the forces available or the enemy s strength and disposition Arab military personnel are typically taught that the school solution is not one they are expected to figure out on their own on the spot Instead the correct approach will be told them by higher authority Arab soldiers and junior officers are generally taught not to act on their own but to wait for orders from their superiors p 441 Arab soldiers and officers almost universally have been taught only a small range of specific skills narrowly related to their mission Just as Arab schoolchildren are taught to consider different subjects discrete and unrelated so too Arab military personnel have been taught to consider the different elements of modern armed forces to be discrete and unrelated Arab armed forces generally suffer from having too little practical field exercises to hone their skills Like Arab schoolchildren Arab military units are taught skills but haven t always been allowed to practice them Instead skills and operations are typically demonstrated to them by instructors and the trainees are made to practice only the simple sub elements that would have to be combined into involved procedures in battle Field exercises tend to be insufficient or nonexistent among most Arab armies while Arab pilots regularly log far fewer flying hours than their Israeli or NATO counterparts p 442 At every level Arab drills and maneuvers are heavily scriptedEven worse Arab soldiers and officers are freuently graded on how they perform their specific task and not whether they accomplished the overall goals of the exercise p 443 In general Arab training has rarely if ever attempted to simulate the real problems of battle by unexpectedly changing familiar activities introducing novel forces or situations or otherwise surprising the participants Instead training drills remain absolutely unchanged from one iteration to the next and training maneuvers followed the same scripts time and again with little variation 17 Indeed American trainers in Ira in 2003 2011 and 2014 2017 complained endlessly about these problems and their frustration in trying to get the Irais to change their ways p 444 In virtually all of the Arab militaries training manuals are typically Arabic translations of British Russian and increasingly American manuals that are rarely read or taught let alone put into practice Case in point the Emiratis misinterpretation of the British Army drill manuals via the silly concepts of Salute to the Left Right p 450 of military training could condition them to act differently from the manner encouraged by the society at large Arab military training does not do so Instead Arab military programs modeled as they are on the educational methods of the larger society reinforce these patterns of behavior The result are soldiers and officers conditioned to act and think in certain ways ways that reflect the values and priorities of the dominant culture p 491 An important difference between Shi a and Sunni Islam is the concept of ijtihad meaning independent reasoning or interpretation Most schools of Sunni Islam argue against ijtihad insisting that the uran should be taken literallyIsraelis for that matter claim that this instills a greater willingness among Shi a to think for themselves rather than simply waiting for an authority figure to tell them how to act Say a bit like Catholicism vs Protestant Fundamentalism p 514 When a man or less often woman comes to power of any kind in the Arab world it is expected that he will bring his relatives clansmen tribesmen and coreligionists co ethnicists in with him and give them plum positions within the hierarchy he controls As the one saying goes Birds of a feather flock together or as Dr Steve Lamy at the USC School of International Relations likes to say People seek cognitive consistency and avoid cognitive dissonance p 520 Indeed globalization has had a profound impact on the Arab world already It made the Arab Spring possible and it is now reshaping Arab culture Thus economic change bred political change that is now evolving into cultural change There is a growing willingness of people to speak their minds The younger generation is less willing to blindly follow authority figures More are willing to take action to change their circumstances a trait that Hizballah Da ish and other new model Arab armies have doubtlessly benefited from Experts on the Arab world note that childrearing practices are changing in response The available data consistently show fewer parents viewing obedience as their primary goal and saying they encourage independence and use praise and reasoning to shape their children s behavior according to Gregg Other anthropologists have found that better educated parents are becoming concerned with the success of their children in school rather than just instilling loyalty to the extended family In other words the politics economics and even the culture of the Arab world is changing and changing in some remarkable ways Thus the fact that these three features of the Arab states conspired to cripple Arab armed forces in the past should not be taken as a sign that they will continue to do so in the future At some point they may no longer produce the same patterns of behavior that were so deleterious to Arab military effectiveness in the prior era It will likely take several decades but if the trend lines for change in the Arab world bear out someday they may even benefit Arab armies in combat Going back to my stint in the UAE and Ira I saw some tentative hopeful signs of this as wellor as the Arabs themselves might say Inshallah

Kenneth M. Pollack ✓ 4 review

Read & Download Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness 104 Since the Second World War Arab armed forces have consistently punched below their weight They have lost many wars that by all rights they should have won and in their best performances only ever achieved uite modest accomplishments Over time soldiers scholars and military experts have offered various explanations for this pattern Reliance on Soviet military methods the poor civil military relations of the Arab world the underdevelopment of the Arab states and patterns of behavior derived from the wider Arab culture have all been suggested as the ultimate source of. This book is not an opinion piece It is a thoroughly researched and supported academic argument About 1 4 of the book is references and works cited The rest is a very organized and readable long but chopped up into small well defined chunks You can tell that this guy writes in the army writing style Every chapter is 1 here s what I m going to tell you 2 here s me telling you the thing and 3 here is what I just told you Written in simple uncomplicated language

  • Paperback
  • 696
  • Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness
  • Kenneth M. Pollack
  • English
  • 13 June 2018
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12 thoughts on “author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download

  1. says: author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download Summary ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Kenneth M. Pollack

    characters Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness Summary ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Kenneth M. Pollack Kenneth M. Pollack ✓ 4 review Look at any of many military campaigns undertaken by Arab forces since the collapse of the Ottoman Empire outcomes range from mediocre to pathetic How could so much time, effort, money, foreign support and cultural emphasis on feats of arms result in such consistently dismal performance Why have Arab armies repeatedly failed in their military

  2. says: author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download

    author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download Summary ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Kenneth M. Pollack Kenneth M. Pollack ✓ 4 review I ve been working on a major infrastructure project on the Arabian Gulf for several years The government intends to eventually staff the installation with nationals but none of them have any real experience in the highly specialized and tech

  3. says: author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download

    author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download characters Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness This book is not an opinion piece It is a thoroughly researched and supported academic argument About 1 4 of the book is references and works cited The rest is a very organized and readable long, but chopped up into small, w

  4. says: characters Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download

    Summary ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Kenneth M. Pollack Kenneth M. Pollack ✓ 4 review characters Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness My professional acquaintance, Ken Pollack, current American Enterprise Institute AEI scholar and former CIA analyst, has written an outstanding book that is a must read for anybody wanting to gain a fuller sense of perspective on the current security situation in the Middle East as well as the history going back

  5. says: author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download

    author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download Pollack s earlier book _Arabs at War_ is a better work.Book suffers from over general treatment of the subject of Arab militaries and their respective organizational cultures and also overlooks the manifest distinctions and developments among military forces in the Gulf Cooperation Countries GCC since the Gulf War of 1990 1991 and the recent military coalition s intervention and operations in Yemen.A related and insightful book UK

  6. says: author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download

    author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download This book is no joke It s a masterpiece of research and provides for perhaps the best understanding of Arab military effectiveness

  7. says: author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download

    author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download Kenneth M. Pollack ✓ 4 review This work is a masterpiece, in a nutshell it is the much awaited, yet unexpected, sequel to Arabs at War It is an extremely well written book and once picked up it is hard to put down If anything, the authors style and study of Arab armies can be used as a bench mark when studying the performance or Armed forces around the world.

  8. says: Kenneth M. Pollack ✓ 4 review author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download

    author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download A very complete analysis of the arab forces in combat, from soldiers to generals, religion, politics and society contibute to the poor sometimes disastrous arab military perfomance.

  9. says: author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download Kenneth M. Pollack ✓ 4 review characters Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness

    author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download Summary ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Kenneth M. Pollack characters Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness Very interesting and informative book Highly recommended to better understand the Middle East

  10. says: Kenneth M. Pollack ✓ 4 review author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download

    author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download It s well written Tends to get long and redundant about the Conflictswe get it.He s done some extensive research weit I ll ng this book.

  11. says: characters Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness Kenneth M. Pollack ✓ 4 review author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download

    author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download Kenneth M. Pollack ✓ 4 review Summary ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Kenneth M. Pollack I liked it and I intend to read it.

  12. says: author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download Kenneth M. Pollack ✓ 4 review

    author Kenneth M. Pollack : Armies of Sand: The Past, Present, and Future of Arab Military Effectiveness – Pdf Epub Download Not a big fan of Pollack s past stuff, dont like the methodology in this book nor the writing style, but his conclusions bear consideration, despite their sensitivity.

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